This chapter assumes, that you have read chapter Basic Concepts.
In order to configure the Analysis Cockpit for the first use, the following steps need to be done:
Set users and set user rights
Define canned responses
Decide about syslog forwarding
Integrate your log source
These steps are described in detail in the following sections.
4.1. License Installation
Before you can use the cockpit, you must install a license. Navigate to
the Licensing section, click the
Upload License Button, select your
license file and click the
4.2. System Update
All updates can be done from the Web GUI. Simply navigate to the Updates
section, review the release notes and click the update button. You can
also check for new updates by clicking the
Check for Updates Button.
4.3. Set Users and User Rights
The chapter Understanding Users, Roles, Rights and Case Status already described how to set up a 2-level analyst model for working with cases. The roles defined in that section are non-administrative roles, meaning they are only allowed to access cases based on the respective status of a ticket.
Additionally, roles can have the following rights:
Upload File(s) for Sandbox Analysis
Download File(s) for Sandbox Analysis
Roles can be granted these privileges by choosing them in the
4.4. Configure Canned Recommendations
Canned recommendations are predefined actions that can be used within a case. The recommendations are fully configurable and are aimed to facilitate choice making regarding the action that should be applied for a specific case. There is no need to set this up, but we suggest doing some planning and provide recommendations that are suitable for your organization. Some recommendations such as “Verify Legitimacy”, “Provide Sample File / Sample Directory”, “Run full Antivirus Scan” are already generated by default. You are free to use, modify or delete them. Recommendations can also be added by any user from within a case.
4.5. Syslog Forwarding
The Rsyslog Tab in the Settings section allows forwarding of all incoming THOR events along with all audit logs and all other cockpit related logs.
Please note, that forwarding THOR Logs through syslog might lead to a certain loss of information as THOR events might exceed syslog length restrictions.
4.6. TLS Certificate Installation
Instead of using the pre-installed self-signed TLS Certificate, users can upload their own TLS Certificate for ASGARD.
In order to achieve the best possible compatibility with the
most common browsers, we recommend using the system's FQDN
in both fields
Common Name AND
Please note that generating a CSR on the command line is not supported.
The generated CSR can be used to generate a TLS Certificate.
Subsequently, this TLS Certificate can be uploaded in the
4.7. Configure LDAP
The LDAP tab in the
Settings section lets you configure an LDAP server
and define mappings for LDAP groups to roles within the Analysis
The figures below illustrate options of a possible LDAP configuration.
4.8. Configure Notifications
As described in Log Processing and Cases the Analysis Cockpit is able to forward logs to a SIEM system in case this particular log line was added automatically to a case with the type “Incident”.
Notifications tab allows you to define custom notifications for
event assignments (Event Assignment Notifications). It is recommended to
at least configure an Event Assignment Notification for events that get
added to existing Incident cases.
Additionally, notifications can be defined for changes to cases (Case Change Notifications), so Level 2 analysts can get notified if a case gets added to their in-queue (e.g., Finished Level 1).
The notification itself can be a syslog message or an email. In order to
use email for notifications you have to setup an email account in the
Mail Account Tab. Additionally webhook support has been added to
facilitate interfacing to services like Slack.
The Analysis Cockpit will collect all triggering events and send only one email every 15 minutes. Syslog and Webhooks are triggered in real time for every single event.
4.8.1. Configure Event Assignment Notifications
To configure log notifications, click the
Add Event Assignment Notification button in the Notifications Tab of the
This leads you to a form that allows you to set a name for your
notification, the notification type (syslog, email, webhook or
notification within the Analysis Cockpit) and the condition that will
trigger your notification.
4.8.2. Configure Case Change Notifications
To configure Case Change Notifications, click the
Add Case Change Notification button in the Notifications Tab of the
This leads you to a form that allows setting a name for your
notification, the notification type (syslog, email, webhook or
notification within the Analysis Cockpit) and the condition that will
trigger your notification.
4.9. Log File Import
4.9.1. Basic Concepts
In general, all logs show up in the Events section. Additionally, all
Alerts and Warnings that are not matching a particular case will show up
Baselining section. Notices and informational events will NOT
show up in the Baselining Section as they match the predefined default
cases for these events.
All logs are tagged with a specific scan id – regardless of how the log was integrated. This enables filtering down to all logs contained in a specific scan.
If ASGARD Management Center is connected and the events was generated as part of a group scan the event is also tagged with this particular group scan id. This allows for filtering down to all logs a particular group scan.
Assets are identified through the asset ID that was issued by ASGARD Management Center during the setup of the ASGARD Agent. If this ID is not available to the Analysis Cockpit (e.g. log has been uploaded manually or sent through syslog) the hostname (NOT the FQDN) will be used instead.
4.9.2. Direct Integration with ASGARD Management Center
If the Analysis Cockpit is linked to one or more ASGARD Management Centers all THOR logs get integrated automatically and will show up in the Baselining and/or the Events section.
Connect the Analysis Cockpit with an ASGARD server in
You can retrieve old scans performed by ASGARD Management Center before
connecting it to Analysis Cockpit using the
Request Events button in
Select Scans >
4.9.3. Syslog Input
Another way to import log data is by using SYSLOG messages.
The ANALYSIS COCKPIT listens on port 514/udp and 514/tcp for incoming log data and all logs will show up in the Baselining and/or the Events section.
Incoming syslog messages get assigned to single scan using the “ScanID” value that’s unique in each scan.
4.9.4. File Import Through Web-Based GUI
Alternatively, logs can be uploaded through the web-based interface by
selecting the particular log file (must be the .txt format, html import
is not supported) and clicking the
Upload Scans button within the
After a successful upload, the scans should appear in the list below.
Important: if you can see events in the
please make sure that you've selected the correct time frame to see the
events. Often manually uploaded scans happened days or weeks before the
upload. The log data gets indexed with the time stamp of their creation
and not the import and can therefore be hidden in the default view
After the upload, you're able to link the recently uploaded scans with an existing or new group scan.
4.9.5. File Import Using the Command Line
This option can be helpful in an environment where you scan without ASGARD Management Center but want to automate analysis by dropping the log data into that import directory.
Log files can be imported by placing the files in the following directory:
Make sure that the file owner of these files is set to cockpit.
You can change the owner and group manually by using:
sudo chown cockpit:cockpit <file>
Successfully imported files get a new extension named “.ok”.
When the file is moved to that folder with the wrong permissions, Analysis Cockpit tries to handle these situations in appropriate ways. If Analysis cockpit had read access but no rights to write/delete/rotate/rename the file, the file gets blacklisted in memory and will not be imported as long as the service doesn't get restarted. A restart of the service would cause the service to re-index the log data placed in that folder.
Important: We highly recommend not to directly copy (scp, rsync) files into that folder but use a staging folder in which you set the right permissions and then copy the files to the import folder.
Copying files directly to that folder has many problematic side effects, e.g. files partly composed of binary zeros because the file transfer is still in progress.
4.10. Connect to ASGARD Management Center
In order to receive log data from ASGARD Management Center systems, add them in the corresponding section in the system settings.
After that all assets along with additional information from ASGARD will
show up in the
4.11. Asset View
In most cases working with the
Baselining section and the
can be seen as the best practice approach for setting baselines and
dealing with alerts and warnings.
However, in some cases it makes sense to change perspective and rather go for a host centric approach. The Analysis Cockpit will calculate numbers of lines in different case types (Incident, Suspicious, Anomaly, etc.) on a per host basis for a given time frame. Along with information from ASGARD on last scan dates, labels, host availability etc. this gives an entirely different perspective.
By using the “Asset View” you can e.g., easily answer questions like:
Which systems appear most often in “Incident” cases?
Which systems haven't reported a single event for more than a month?
Which Domain Controllers have not been scanned yet?
Which systems with IP addresses starting “192.168.” appear in “Incident” cases?
In combination with the “labels” that integrate from ASGARD you can even narrow down the events by system group (e.g., Domain Controllers, or certain locations).
4.12. Sandbox Integration
You can configure your Analysis Cockpit to upload files to a local sandbox.
Currently you can use CAPEv2 (recommended) or Cuckoo.
This section only focus on the integration of your Analysis Cockpit with an existing sandbox. We will not cover how to set up the sandbox.
4.12.1. Analysis Cockpit Sandbox Configuration
In the web view of your Analysis Cockpit, navigate to
Add Sandbox in the top right corner. Keep the
Name short and add a proper
Once you click
Add the page will display an API token. Copy this token, we will need it later.
Connect to your Analysis Cockpit via SSH and follow the steps below.
Change the user to the root user:
nextron@cockpit:~$ sudo su - [sudo] password for nextron: root@cockpit:~#
We change into the configuration directory of the sandbox:
root@cockpit:~# cd /etc/nextron/analysiscockpit3/sandbox/connector root@cockpit:/etc/nextron/analysiscockpit3/sandbox/connector#
Here you can find two folders, one each for the type of sandbox. In this example, we will configure the CAPv2 sandbox with our Analysis Cockpit.
root@cockpit:/etc/nextron/analysiscockpit3/sandbox/connector# ls -lA total 8 drwxr-xr-x 4 analysiscockpit3 analysiscockpit3 4096 Aug 22 11:32 capev2 drwxr-xr-x 4 analysiscockpit3 analysiscockpit3 4096 Aug 16 12:03 cuckoo root@cockpit:/etc/nextron/analysiscockpit3/sandbox/connector# cd capev2/ root@cockpit:/etc/nextron/analysiscockpit3/sandbox/connector/capev2#
Here we have two files which are of relevance for us:
This holds the configuration for both the sandbox and your Analysis Cockpit
This has the systemd configuration to create the actual service on the system (we don't change anything in here)
capev2.ini with a text editor. The important lines are marked:
root@cockpit:/etc/nextron/analysiscockpit3/sandbox/connector/capev2# nano capev2.ini
1[DEFAULT] 2debug = yes 3tmp_directory = /var/lib/nextron/analysiscockpit3/sandbox/connector/capev2/tmp 4 5[capev2] 6protocol = http 7host = 192.168.0.50 8port = 8000 9token = <your CAPEv2 API token here> 10verify = no 11all = yes 12html = yes 13 14[analysis-cockpit] 15host = localhost:443 16apikey = <your API Key here> 17verify = no
For lines 6-10, please fill the information accordingly.
the IP/FQDN of your sandbox.
port is the listening port of the web interface of your sandbox.
token is the API token generated in the user management of your
verify is for verification of the TLS certificate
(if you don't use TLS or don't want to verify the certificate, set this option to no).
For lines 16-17 you have to set the
apikey of your Analysis
Cockpit (see "Add Sandbox" step in the beginning of this section)
verify, which can be set to no. This will again verify the TLS certificate.
Save your files after you made your changes.
capev2.py file with a text editor:
root@cockpit:/etc/nextron/analysiscockpit3/sandbox/connector/capev2# nano capev2.py
You will see the instructions to create a service in the comment block on the top. Copy the following content from the comment block:
1[Unit] 2Description=CAPEv2 Sandbox Connector 3After=network.target 4 5[Service] 6ExecStart=/usr/bin/python3 /etc/nextron/analysiscockpit3/sandbox/connector/capev2/capev2.py 7Restart=on-failure 8User=analysiscockpit3 9Group=analysiscockpit3 10SyslogIdentifier=capev2_connector 11 12[Install] 13WantedBy=multi-user.target
Now we run the following command and paste the content from the output earlier into it:
root@cockpit:/etc/nextron/analysiscockpit3/sandbox/connector/capev2# nano /lib/systemd/system/capev2-connector.service
The file should now look like this:
root@cockpit:/etc/nextron/analysiscockpit3/sandbox/connector/capev2# cat /lib/systemd/system/capev2-connector.service [Unit] Description=CAPEv2 Sandbox Connector After=network.target [Service] ExecStart=/usr/bin/python3 /etc/nextron/analysiscockpit3/sandbox/connector/capev2/capev2.py Restart=on-failure User=analysiscockpit3 Group=analysiscockpit3 SyslogIdentifier=capev2_connector [Install] WantedBy=multi-user.target root@cockpit:/etc/nextron/analysiscockpit3/sandbox/connector/capev2#
Now that the systemd service file is created, we need to activate it. Run the following command:
root@cockpit:/etc/nextron/analysiscockpit3/sandbox/connector/capev2# systemctl daemon-reload && systemctl enable capev2-connector && systemctl start capev2-connector Created symlink /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/capev2-connector.service → /lib/systemd/system/capev2-connector.service. root@cockpit:/etc/nextron/analysiscockpit3/sandbox/connector/capev2#
The connection to your sandbox should work now. You can see the
capev2.log for debug output and troubleshooting:
root@cockpit:/etc/nextron/analysiscockpit3/sandbox/connector/capev2# tail capev2.log 22-11-15 12:07:46 DEBUG: Starting new HTTPS connection (1): localhost:443 22-11-15 12:07:46 DEBUG: https://localhost:443 "GET /api/sandboxes/a/reports/pending?limit=10&offset=0 HTTP/1.1" 200 13 22-11-15 12:07:46 DEBUG: no pending references found 22-11-15 12:08:46 DEBUG: Starting new HTTP connection (1): 192.168.0.50:8000 22-11-15 12:08:46 DEBUG: http://192.168.0.50:8000 "GET /apiv2/cuckoo/status/ HTTP/1.1" 200 289 22-11-15 12:08:46 DEBUG: Starting new HTTPS connection (1): localhost:443 22-11-15 12:08:46 DEBUG: https://localhost:443 "GET /api/sandboxes/a/get-sha256s-without-report?limit=10 HTTP/1.1" 200 13 22-11-15 12:08:46 DEBUG: Starting new HTTPS connection (1): localhost:443 22-11-15 12:08:46 DEBUG: https://localhost:443 "GET /api/sandboxes/a/reports/pending?limit=10&offset=0 HTTP/1.1" 200 13 22-11-15 12:08:46 DEBUG: no pending references found root@cockpit:/etc/nextron/analysiscockpit3/sandbox/connector/capev2#
4.12.2. Analysis Cockpit Sandbox Usage
Once your sandbox is set up and running, you can see the status of it in the sandbox view (Last Seen):
If you wish to enable automatic scanning for uploaded files (Bifrost), you can do so by pressing the play button to the right hand side.
Files view you can see previously analyzed files or upload files for analysis by yourself:
If you did not enable
auto mode of your configured sandbox, you have
to manually add the file for scanning in here. You can do this by pressing
Scan file with sandbox button to the right of your file.
After your file has been uploaded, you have to wait until your sandbox
is finished with analyzing the file. Change to the
to see the status of the files.
Once the file was analyzed and the reports are ready, you will see that
the status of the file changed to
SUCCESS and the buttons
HTML can be clicked.
You can now download the report.
The API documentation has been integrated into the web interface.